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History Of Burma

Although Burma was at times divided into independent states, a series of monarches attempted to establish thier absolute rule, with varying degrees of success. Eventually, an exspansionist British Government took advantage of Burma’s political instabilty. After three Anglo-Burmese wars over a period of 60 years, the British completed their colonization of the country in 1886, taking the last of a long line of Burmese kings into custudy. Burma was immediately annexed as a province of British India, and the British began to permeate the ancient Burmese culture with foreign elements (left). The British rulers trained the neighboring Indians to take over civil-service jobs previously filled by Burmese. Burmese customs were often weekened by the imposition of British traditions. The British also encouraged both Chinese and Indians to migrate into Burmese cities in order to profit from new business opportunities. By the start of the First World War, colonial architecture had become prominent throughout Rangoon, and foreign religious monuments and practices grew alongside traditional forms of Burmese Buddhism. Rich in natural resources, Burma became known as " The rice bowl of Asia ". It was in fact, the world’s largest exporter of rice.




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