History Of Burma
Although Burma was at times divided into independent states,
a series of monarches attempted to establish thier absolute rule,
with varying degrees of success. Eventually, an exspansionist
British Government took advantage of Burma’s political instabilty.
After three Anglo-Burmese wars over a period of 60 years, the
British completed their colonization of the country in 1886,
taking the last of a long line of Burmese kings into custudy.
Burma was immediately annexed as a province of British India,
and the British began to permeate the ancient Burmese culture
with foreign elements (left). The British rulers trained the
neighboring Indians to take over civil-service jobs previously
filled by Burmese. Burmese customs were often weekened by the
imposition of British traditions. The British also encouraged
both Chinese and Indians to migrate into Burmese cities in order
to profit from new business opportunities. By the start of the
First World War, colonial architecture had become prominent throughout
Rangoon, and foreign religious monuments and practices grew alongside
traditional forms of Burmese Buddhism. Rich in natural resources,
Burma became known as " The rice bowl of Asia ". It
was in fact, the world’s largest exporter of rice.